An Overview

Here we will give you an overview of Government Jobs. What are the different kinds of government jobs? In which departments of the government will you get jobs? What salary can you expect? What exam should you give? What is the minimum qualification to give the government exams?

If you want to find jobs in the government sector, you can work for the Central Government or the State Government. Alternatively, you can also find employment in the different Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) like NTPC or Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. etc.

Working in the Central/Union Government

If you get employed in Central Government you may get posted anywhere in India and may also get transferred to different Government departments or locations during the course of your employment. There are different types of jobs in the Central Government .

Group A Jobs:

Group ‘A’ Jobs are posts and services are the most sought after posts in the Government administration. These officials are also known as civil servants and they work in the secretariats and administrative positions. Their responsibilities involves a lot of administrative duties and these officials can also affect the government’s decision-making. They work in tax collection, social welfare, law and developmental activities of the state. The referred posts include:

  • Indian Administrative Services (IAS)
  • Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)

Recruitments into these posts and services are carried out by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) through direct recruitment and various competitive examinations. The most popular examination conducted annually by the UPSC is the “Civil Services Examinations”. The minimum qualification is a bachelors degree. The candidate must be between 21 and 32 years of age. The salary package ranges from 1,20,000 to 2.5 lakh per month.

Group B, C and D Jobs:

Group B, C and D jobs comprise of posts and services that do not include a lot of administrative duties but focus on executive and routine tasks such as the posts of Assistants, Sub – Inspectors etc.

Recruitments into these posts and services are carried out by the SSC (Staff Selection Commission) through direct recruitment and various competitive examinations. The most popular examination conducted annually by the SSC is the ‘Combines Graduate Level Examination” for vacant Group B, C and D posts in different departments of the Central Government.

Working in the State Government

Apart from working for the Central Government, you can also take up a job under a particular State Government. Here, unlike a Central Government job in which you can be posted anywhere in the country, you will work within the particular state till you are employed by the State Government.

Most State Government jobs are middle level and lower level posts as the top posts are filled by the IAS, IPS and IFS officers recruited by the Central Government. However, with experience and merit, you can move up the ladder and even take up the top administrative positions reserved for the IAS, IPS and IFS

All State Governments have their own ‘Public Service Commissions’ which are responsible for conducting recruitments through competitive examinations and direct recruitment. These State Government posts can be both, technical and non – technical in nature. The most popular competitive examination conducted by State Public Service Commissions is the state’s annual ‘Civil Services Exam’ which is responsible for recruiting State Civil Service officers who will work under the IAS, IPS and IFS officers.

Contrary to popular perception, you do not need to be a resident of a state to apply for a job in that State’s Government (for most cases). However, you will be required to have some basic knowledge about the culture, language and customs of that state.

Working in a Public Sector Enterprise (PSU)

As Public Sector Enterprises like Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum, ONGC etc. are owned either fully or majorly by the Government, working for any such organization can also be considered as working for the Government.

These jobs include technical posts like Engineer, Accountant as well as administrative positions. A majority of jobs in PSUs are executive in nature and you are expected to follow established standards and procedures.

Most of the PSUs recruit candidates as and when vacancies arise. They normally do so through competitive examinations for the vacant posts but also follow methods of direct recruitment such as interview and skill tests. Some PSUs also recruit candidates on the basis of their scores in the GATE examination.

Additionally, PSUs also fill a significant chunk of their vacancies by recruiting candidates directly from premier institutions of the country such as the IITs and the IIMs.

Working in a PSU provides employees with a stable and secure job along with opportunities to succeed and move up the ladder. You will be eligible to receive many monetary benefits like other Government employees and will also be eligible to take up top – level positions in the PSU with time, provided you have the right experience and skill.